A few weeks ago, I walked into my apartment building and after stepping over the usual piles of pizza coupons, marketing mailers and miscellaneous unsolicited mail that littered the entryway, I started the climb up three flights of stairs to my place. To my enviro-horror, each floor greeted me with this scene: a two- or three-pound phone book individually wrapped in a plastic bag in front of every last door. An environmentally-minded person, I couldn’t help but privately rage. Once I made it to my floor, I mentally prepared myself for that sense of guilt I’d feel when I reached the book at my door.
Then I got there. No phone book. At first I thought, “But, but, everyone else got one, why not me? I’m so left out and alone!”Then I remembered that months prior I had registered with the website YellowPagesOptOut.com, which informs phone book companies that I’ve requested to not receive a book. I was relieved, but still felt bad thinking of the college students in my apartment building using a phone book to prop up a wobbly chair while using their smart phones to Google the delivery number for Hot Box Cookies.
In 2011, the yellow pages and white pages are of little use to most people because of access to the web on computers and smart phones. Though these directories still have utility for many people–especially those with financial or geographic barriers to internet access–activists, lawmakers and even some phone book publishers themselves are making noise in support of an opt-in plan. This would make it so anyone who wanted a phone book would have to call their local publisher and request one be delivered, as opposed to companies simply dumping them on every porch uniformly. That would be good news, considering an estimated 650,000 tons of phone books are delivered to doorsteps across the country every year, of which only about 17% ever ends up in a recycling bin (according to TreeHugger.)
So, while we might not be able to count on the disappearance of the phone book anytime soon, you can still do your part by registering with YellowPagesOptOut.com if you’d rather not see another phone book welcome you home.
However, there are some independent phone book publishers that will not accept a third-party opt-out request. To stop receiving their materials, you’ll have to call them directly.
The winter months are best loved for their holidays and the return of the pumpkin spice latte, but for bicyclists, they might sadly signal that it’s time to put the bike away. Dropping temperatures, black ice, snow-packed roads – biking during winter is impossible, right? Not so fast! (No but seriously, slowing down is a big winter biking strategy.) With a few adjustments to your bike, your wardrobe and your riding technique, biking is still possible come rain, sleet or snow. To help get you and your two-wheeler ready for frosty rides, Footprint has put together this handy winter biking reference with help from Sarah Ashman, store manager of Walt’s Bike Shop.
FIRST THING’S FIRST
“Snow brings a whole new layer of obstacles on the road for cylists and motorists,” Ashman says. Make sure your bike is up to the challenge. Even before considering cute fuzzy hats to keep your head warm under that helmet or stressing about how to navigate icy pavement without injuring (or just embarrassing) yourself, the first thing on any bicyclist’s winter agenda is a bike check-up. A bike’s brakes and gears can lose affectiveness in inclement weather, and icy temperatures demand a well-lubricated bike chain. Ashman also suggests lowering the pressure of both rear and front tires for increased stability in snow, though to exactly what pressure depends on your individual tires.
At the end of this guide we’ve included information on a number of places to get your bike in top shape if you need help getting set up. And now, the tips:
STICK OUT LIKE A SORE THUMB In the winter months, less sun means less visibility. Mornings will be darker and night will seem to come sooner, meaning you’ll have a harder time sticking out to other vehicles than you did in the summer. While most bikes come with reflectors, they aren’t enough to maintain visibility during a dark morning or a snowfall. Get equipped with lights for both the rear and head of the bike to help stay visible in your own lane and to oncoming traffic. And though it might cramp your style, reflective clothing like a vest or jacket can offer an added sense of security and maybe even a bit of warmth. Speaking of which…
KEEP WARM, BUT NOT TOO WARM
A sweaty ride might seem unthinkable during the winter months, but overdressing in warm clothes is common and can lead to an unpleasant ride. Combine wet clothes and cold weather and once you’re off the bike you’re even colder than before. While we know most bicyclists will wear to ride what they plan to wear for class or work and won’t be running out to buy a Lycra bodysuit anytime soon, a few considerations can keep you dry and reduce the chance that you’ll have to pull over and strip off a layer. And since many cyclists in Columbia are only biking short distances, especially students, less modification is needed.
– The extremities This includes your head, feet and hands — especially the fingers. Wear a knit cap or insulated headband under a helmet to protect the ears from chill. As for the hands, Ashman suggests wearing a glove that will provide warmth while still allowing you to easily reach for brakes and gears. And if you find your feet lose heat easily and you don’t want to spring for a pair of insulated boots, Ashman offers this tip: wear plastic sandwich bags over your socks and in your shoes for a cheap wind barrier while riding. If you take care of them and are hygenic, you can re-use them multiple times.
– The core The chest is especially important to keep warm in the winter months, and riding in wind increases its vulnerability. Ashman says if you make just one change to your commuting clothes, it should be to avoid cotton directly on the skin. “Cotton, when it gets wet, will stay wet while you’re in class,” Ashman says. Consider wearing a moisture-wicking layer like a tank top made of synthetic fibers under a shirt. She also advises wearing a windproof jacket.
– Embrace the helmet There’s no getting around it–sometimes, helmets just don’t look cool. Bulky and often bulbous, they’re the bane of the cycling aesthetic. Still, riding in winter can be more dangerous than in any other season, making a helmet pretty imperative, even for short distances.
– Know thy brake
Braking suddenly can lead to skidding or even flipping over the front wheel without special precautions. Ashman says to help avoid accidents, don’t brake heavily on the front wheel and instead utilize your rear brake.
Braking on wet or icy surfaces won’t be as on point as when biking on dry surfaces, meaning it’ll take a longer time and distance for your bike to come to a stop. Though unexpected obstacles like a suddenly stopped car or a rogue squirrel won’t give you much time to react, visualize distance in your head to estimate how much room you have before knocking into something.
– Traction is your friend The good news is you have control over the traction of your wheels. The bad news is you don’t have much control over anything else. Over the course of the winter months, you’ll encounter freshly fallen fluff, rain puddles and tightly packed snow. Your best defense is a pair of thick tires with deep ridges, though the rarely-seen studded tire is best suited for the elements. So what about that road bike with the thin, smooth wheels? Ashman says winter biking is still possible, especially considering most Columbia cyclists are biking relatively short distances, but even more emphasis is added on safe riding technique. This means cautious braking and making slow, controlled turns. And if you’re really worried about your grip-less tires, maybe zip ties can come to the rescue?
After a snowfall, the best scenario would be to ride on gritty snow, as it provides for more traction. Snow that hasn’t been plowed or that has been driven over a lot will create bumpy ridges that will take away some of that steering ability. In this case, it helps to keep your body weight equalized on your seat to keep the tires pressed into the ground — don’t lean or bounce side to side, especially when pedaling out of the saddle. Though biking ordinance calls for riding as far to the right as possible and at a safe distance, narrow paths created on the road when snow is plowed onto either side of the street make staying in the shoulder nearly impossible. Ashman says that a cyclist comfortable in their skills and abilities should take the road in this case, but only when sure surrounding motorists are very aware of your presence.
It boils down to this: make sure your bike is up to the challenge of gritty winter weather, dress accordingly and take it slow and steady out there.
Inspired by the Weekday Vegetarian movement to reduce meat consumption because of its well-documented impact on the environment, Footprint introduces a Meatless Monday series with creative and meat-free recipes to get you inspired. This week’s meal idea is savory oatmeal.
It’s hard to beat oatmeal when it comes to inexpensive and easy breakfasts. It’s surprisingly packed with protein, goes great with a few pinches of brown sugar and cooks in just minutes. But taking oats from breakfast to dinner is as easy as a switch from sweet to savory.
OK, it probably sounds weird. Think about it, though: relatively tasteless on their own, oats will absorb the flavors of whatever is put into them, like the tofu of the grain world. It just so happens we tend to think of brown sugar and blueberries as the essential oatmeal fixings instead of, say, Parmesan cheese, pasta sauce and fresh basil. Spaghetti oatmeal is a reality, people – and it’s tasty.
While this Meatless Monday recipe will focus on the relatively easy “spaghetti oatmeal,” here’s a quick rundown on some other ways to shake up your next bowl of oats.
Try it with:
– A sunny-side up egg, cubed cooked potatoes, cilantro and red or green salsa
– Diced tomatoes, sautéed onions, cooked spinach and a favorite cheese
– Chopped scallions, steamed broccoli and cheddar cheese
(As cheese is also a harsh on the environment, you might choose to make a dairy-free cheese-like sauce out of the vegetarian staple nutritional yeast. Recipes abound online!)
A great way to get acquainted with savory oatmeal (and my personal favorite) is to simply add Parmesan cheese, salt and pepper, freshly chopped basil and a few scoops of any pasta sauce – especially one straight from The Hill in St. Louis and available at Root Cellar.
On the stovetop:
2 cups water
1 cup rolled oats
1 cup pasta sauce
¼ cup Parmesan cheese
Any amount of chopped basil leaves to taste
Salt and pepper to taste
– Chop a desired amount of basil leaves and set aside
– Bring 2 cups* water to a boil in a small to medium saucepan
– Add in 1 cup rolled oats
– Reduce heat to medium
– Let cook for 1-2 minutes or until oats are soft, stir occasionally
Once oats are cooked, keep the heat at medium and add additional
ingredients, stirring until pasta sauce is warm and cheese is melted;
top with salt and pepper to taste
The last step? Pour it all in a big bowl for a hearty, healthy dinner!
* The water to oats ratio is usually 2:1, but you can add or reduce water amount for a soupier or sturdier bowl of oatmeal.